Cibi biologici o convenzionali sono indistinguibili

10 Set 2009
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Gli alimenti biologici sono pubblicizzati come nutrizionalmente superiori a cibi derivanti da altri tipi di agricoltura, ma questa e’ appunto una pubblicita’ di chi quei prodotti li deve vendere, reclamizzare o che ha interessi politici, economici o di tutela di posizioni dominanti del mercato. Manca a queste affermazioni una dimostrazione scientifica di tale pretesa superiorita’. Una estesa analisi britannica della letteratura scientifica internazionale del settore mostra come manchino dati, numeri e valutazioni scientifiche a sostegno di quella che al momento deve essere considerta come una credenza.

Nutritional quality of organic foods: a systematic review

Alan D Dangour, Sakhi K Dodhia, Arabella Hayter, Elizabeth Allen, Karen Lock, and Ricardo Uauy

ABSTRACT
Background: Despite growing consumer demand for organically produced foods, information based on a systematic review of their nutritional quality is lacking.: We sought to quantitatively assess the differences in reported nutrient content between organically and conventionally produced foodstuffs.
Design: We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, and CAB Abstracts for a period of 50 y from 1 January 1958 to 29 February 2008, contacted subject experts, and hand-searched bibliographies. We included peer-reviewed articles with English abstracts in the analysis if they reported nutrient content comparisons between organic and conventional foodstuffs. Two reviewers extracted study characteristics, quality, and data. The analyses were restricted to the most commonly reported nutrients.
Results: From a total of 52,471 articles, we identified 162 studies (137 crops and 25 livestock products); 55 were of satisfactory quality. In an analysis that included only satisfactory quality studies, conventionally produced crops had a significantly higher content of nitrogen, and organically produced crops had a significantly higher content of phosphorus and higher titratable acidity. No evidence of a difference was detected for the remaining 8 of 11 crop nutrient categories analyzed. Analysis of the more limited database on livestock products found no evidence of a difference in nutrient content between organically and conventionally produced livestock products.
Conclusions: On the basis of a systematic review of studies of satisfactory quality, there is no evidence of a difference in nutrient quality between organically and conventionally produced foodstuffs. The small differences in nutrient content detected are biologically plausible and mostly relate to differences in production methods.
Am J Clin Nutr doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28041.

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