Gli aumenti dei prezzi delle derrate non si fermeranno

Marzo 9th, 2011
Post2PDF Versione PDF | 3 Comments

Talvolta e’ meglio far parlare i grafici degli andamenti dei prezzi piu’ di fare qualunque commento:
prezzi-derrate-alimentari

L’analisi dell FAO lascia pochi dubbi:
http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation/wfs-home/foodpricesindex/en/

E le prospettive sono anche peggiori se si aggiunge alla crisi del Nord Africa anche la siccita’ in Cina.
Sarebbe interessante se qualcuno chiedesse conto a quelli che predicano il consumo di soli vegetali della situazione attuale, di quali drammi dovremo attraversare per giungere ad una simile economia e di chi paghera’ il prezzo di costi cosi’ alti delle materie prime. La storia del pollo di Trilussa non a caso viene raccontata da chi di polli ne ha mangiati due, non da quello che non ha mangiato.

Nella categoria: News, OGM & Economia, OGM & Mondo

Il mais fa da traino al petrolio

Gennaio 10th, 2011
Post2PDF Versione PDF | 6 Comments

Le manifestazioni in  Algeria sono anche l’effetto della dinamica dei prezzi delle principali commodities che stanno tornando ai livelli del 2008, ma incidono su una situazione internazionale e sulle economie familiari fortemente impoverite dalla crisi finanziaria.

Ancora una volta l’Italia si fa trovare indifesa rispetto all’aumento dei prezi delle derrate che continueremo ad importare massicciamente ed a caro prezzo.

Leggi mais petrolio

Nella categoria: News, OGM & Economia, OGM & Mais

L’India al pit-stop e le Filippine in pole position

Giugno 29th, 2010
Post2PDF Versione PDF | 1 Comment

Dopo la pausa che si è presa il governo indiano che sta ritardando la commercializzazione della melanzana Bt, le Filippine annnunciano il sorpasso e dal 2011 commercializzeranno le prime melanzane OGM. Si attendono aumenti di produzione del 100%, difficile che gli indiani mordano il freno ancora a lungo.

Philippines the First in Asia to Commercialize GM Eggplant

- Melody M. Aguiba, Manila Bulletin, June 28, 2010 http://www.mb.com.ph/

The Philippines will become the first in Asia to commercialize the genetically modified (GM) fruit and shoot borer (FSB)-resistant eggplant by 2011. This developed after the harvest of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) eggplant, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), in a trial site in Pangasinan.

“The performance is better than what we expected. We expect to have a considerable increase in yield for this field trial,” said Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project (ABSP) Director Frank A. Shotkoski in an interview in a harvest festival in Sta. Maria, Pangasinan.

Barring any unforeseen hindrance, the Institute of Biotechnology-University of the Philippines in Los Baños (IPB-UPLB) will release to the market Bt eggplant seeds by next year after an approval of the National Biosafety Committee (NCBP), according to ABSP Product Development Manager Desiree M. Hautea. Bt eggplant can arrest loss from FSB infestation, which reaches to 50 percent or higher. Average eggplant yield in the country is 9.95 metric tons per hectare.

It can substantially cut pesticide use, cut production cost for farmers, reduce their exposure to harmful chemicals, benefit consumers through lower price from higher eggplant production while protecting their health, and even enhancing environmental protection.
With a technology donated by the Mahyco of India, an Indian green and striped eggplant variety was crossed by the IPB with local varieties Dumaguete Long and Mara to produce the Filipino-desired color and size. “It took us long time from 2005 to develop a variety that has the 99.9 percent characteristic of our local variety. The technology was donated to us, but it’s really Filipino-developed,” she said. IPB will come up by 2011 with an open pollinated variety (OPV) for the Bt eggplant. This will enable resource-poor farmers to save the seeds after one planting for continued use in the next planting, bringing cost savings.
However, a hybrid Bt eggplant will be put to the market by IPB most likely in 2012 which will have the hybrid vigor that can produce 100 percent more yield than the OPV, although this will require farmers to buy the seeds each season.

Bt eggplant seeds’ commercial release will follow after another set of multilocational field trials for the dry season which starts perhaps in October this year. On top of the present sites’ Pangasinan, Bicol, and Los Baños - the Bt eggplant will also be pilot-planted in (Visayas) Leyte and Iloilo and (Mindanao) Kabacan, North Cotabato and Davao. IBP will initially produce the seeds through its National Seed Foundation. It may later enter into seed production deals with the Department of Agriculture or other State Universities and Colleges.

For the initial seeds marketing and eventual extensive commercial production, seed companies like East West or Syngenta may enter into a franchising or licensing agreement with IBP. No such deal has been completed so far, officials said. Eggplant is the most popular vegetable in the Philippines planted on 13 percent of the 600,000-hectare vegetable land, according to the World Vegetable Center

The Philippines can become the first to commercialize Bt eggplant next year as the Indian government has halted its commercial release due to lobbying from environmental groups. Bt eggplant will be the first GM vegetable to be released in the country.

Nella categoria: News, OGM & Mondo

Crisi Agricola, ancora un crollo delle superfici seminate

Aprile 7th, 2010
Post2PDF Versione PDF | 2 Comments

L’agricoltura è in crisi e oramai si salva solo con la conversione in carburanti delle derrate alimentari. Intanto con  il crollo dei prezzi dello scorso anno l’investimento in agricoltura, coltivare diventa sempre più un’attività ad alto rischio d’investimento.

Leggi Gazzetta Mantova

Nella categoria: News, OGM & Agricoltura italiana

Monsanto sotto inchiesta antitrust negli USA

Dicembre 1st, 2009
Post2PDF Versione PDF | No Comments

Sia l’Economist ( http://www.economist.com/PrinterFriendly.cfm?story_id=14904184 ) che il Washinton Post (leggi qui sotto) segnalano che Monsanto è sotto inchiesta da parte del governo federale per capire se ha violato le leggi sull’antitrust. Nella stessa procedura sono entrati anche Google ed IBM: pensate se in Italia ci si facesse la stessa domanda per FIAT o altri!

cbb51800

Credo in generale che questa sia una buona notizia.

Molta della ostilità verso gli OGM deriva dal fatto che si tratti di una specie di referendum pro o contro Monsanto e non del giudizio verso una tecnologia: se piu’ attori avranno interesse nella tecnologia e nella commercializzazione delle innovazioni forse ci sara’ migliore disponibilita’ del pubblico che non si sentira’ piu’ di aver affidato il prorio avvenire ad una unica company.

Sopratutto in questo momento in cui gli OGM stanno abbandonando il settore feed ed entrano nel settore food.

Il riso cinese GM (http://www.salmone.org/2009/11/23/il-mais-da-ogm-cinese-invece-del-balsamo-di-tigre/ ) sta andando in campo ed il grano GM ha ricominciato un percorso interrotto 5 anni fa. Il pubblico è sempre meno spaventato dagli OGM come mostra l’indagine al mercato in Svizzera dove il 20% dei consumatori hanno acquistato pane con OGM anche senza essere invogliati dai bassi prezzi (http://www.salmone.org/2009/11/27/il-pane-al-mais-ogm-si-vende-bene/) .

Lo stesso documento della Royal Society sulla accettazione del pubblico, coltivatori, NGO, comunità locali ed altri nell’implementazione delle innovazioni tecnologiche è un segno di dialogo possibile (http://www.salmone.org/2009/10/26/la-royal-society-lancia-gli-ogm-sostenibili/).

Infine il documento dell’Agricoltura biologica USA che mostra la caduta dell’uso di pesticidi sulle coltivazioni Bt (http://www.salmone.org/2009/11/19/lagricoltura-biologica-gli-ogm-del-tipo-bt-riducono-luso-dei-pesticidi/) termina difatto il dibattito sul tema testimoniando come gli OGM sono nemici dei pesticidi.

Infine sia Monsanto che altre company come Bayer, Pioneer e Syngenta stanno per arrivare sul mercato con nuovi prodotti (ad esempio SmartStax che portano fino ad 8 resistenze contemporanee), non piu’ in competizione ma con joint venture: un’apertura quindi a piu’ attori potrebbe garantire un maggior progresso ed una maggiore adesione alle aspettative dei consumatori.

US: Monsanto’s Dominance Draws Antitrust Inquiry

- Peter Whoriskey The Washington Post, Nov, 29, 2009 http://www.washingtonpost.com

The vast majority of the nation’s two primary crops grow from seeds genetically altered according to Monsanto company patents. Ninety-three percent of soybeans. Eighty percent of corn. The seeds represent “probably the most revolutionary event in grain crops over the last 30 years,” said Geno Lowe, a Salisbury, Md., soybean farmer.

But for farmers such as Lowe, prices of the Monsanto-patented seeds have steadily increased, roughly doubling during the past decade, to about $50 for a 50-pound bag of soybean seed, according to seed dealers. The revolution, and Monsanto’s dominant role in the nation’s agriculture, has not unfolded without complaint. Farmers have decried the price increases, and competitors say the company has ruthlessly stifled competition.

Now Monsanto — like IBM and Google — has drawn scrutiny from U.S. antitrust investigators, who under the Obama administration have looked more skeptically at the actions of dominant firms. During the Bush administration, the Justice Department did not file a single case under antimonopoly laws regulating a dominant firm. But that stretch seems unlikely to continue. This year, the Obama Justice Department tossed out the antitrust guidelines of its predecessor because they advocated “extreme hesitancy in the face of potential abuses by monopoly firms.”

Monsanto says it has done nothing wrong. “Farmers choose these products because of the value they deliver on farm,” Mon santo said in a statement. “Given the phenomenally broad adoption of these technologies by farmers, such questions are normal and to be expected.” “During the same period, our competitors . . . largely ignored biotech,” the company said in a statement. “Monsanto took risks our competition chose not to take.”

Although farmers have grumbled about Monsanto’s regular price increases for Roundup Ready technology for seeds, it is DuPont, a Monsanto rival, that has pressed the antitrust case.

Farmers and seed companies “are afraid to speak in public, worried that they will become victims of retaliation,” Thomas L. Sager, DuPont senior vice president and general counsel, said in a statement. “That’s why it’s so important that antitrust investigators move quickly — to learn the truth before even more harm is done to America’s farmers.”

In court papers, DuPont argues that Monsanto has used the dominance of the Roundup Ready brand to prevent competitors from bringing innovations to market. Several farmers said the cost of Roundup Ready seeds seemed to rise faster than their own margins. But that doesn’t mean, at least just yet, that they’ll stop using them. “Everybody likes Roundup Ready,” said William Layton, a grain farmer on the Eastern Shore. “Maybe it costs a little more than we like. But everybody’s going to keep using it.”

Nella categoria: News, OGM & Economia

Le rubriche di Salmone

Luca Simonetti

Slow Food. Cattivo, sporco e sbagliato

Petrini aggiorna il suo manifesto, “Buono, pulito e giusto”. Qualche…